Duke University Alumni Magazine


Photo: Jeffery A. Camerati
hen a record-breaking winter storm hit North Carolina at the end of January, it left as much as twenty inches of snow behind and paralyzed the area. Roads were closed, store shelves were emptied, and businesses and governments lost millions of dollars in revenues and clean-up costs. At Duke, snow removal cost $80,000, and classes had to be canceled for three and a half days.

Those cancellations thrilled students, who were set free to sled in Duke Gardens, cross-country ski between East and West Campus, and build such snow sculptures as a replica of Rodin's "The Thinker" and a model of Duke Chapel. But the unexpected winter freedom came at a cost, as Provost Peter Lange announced that missed classes would be made up on a weekend schedule.

That schedule slates make-up sessions for various weekends throughout the spring, avoiding spring break, basketball tournaments, and reading periods.

Photos: Les Todd / Jim Wallace

Some professors have moved the make-up classes to unused lab sessions, and others have made alternative assignments or other arrangements.

Despite student complaints about the scheduling, a Chronicle story reported attendance around 80 percent after the first weekend of make-up classes.


he issue of student drinking has returned to the front burner, with the November death of an undergraduate, several hospitalizations early in the spring semester, and the February suspension of two greek organizations pending an investigation into allegations of excessive drinking.

The November death of Pratt School of Engineering junior Raheem Bath followed

a week-long hospitalization; the cause of death was reported as pneumonia. In February, administrators confirmed that Bath's death was alcohol-related, caused by a fatal bacterial infection that started when the student drank too much, passed out, and inhaled his own vomit.

The revelation came after several other alcohol-related hospitalizations, including another student who caught pneumonia after aspirating her vomit, and after the suspension of Pi Beta Phi sorority and Phi Kappa Psi fraternity following a February mixer held by the two organizations. That mixer resulted in allegations of excessive drinking and the potential endangerment of students, as did Pi Phi's bid night in late January.

Administrators are expressing concern about the apparent upsurge in alcohol-related problems on campus. "Does [our] climate in some way say to students that drinking until you lose control, consciousnessÉis not only acceptable, but it's cool, it's the thing to do?" Sue Wasiolek '76, M.H.A. '78, LL.M. '93, assistant vice president for student affairs, asked in an article in The Chronicle.

In that same article, Duke president Nannerl O. Keohane said she was worried that certain segments of student life might perpetuate risky alcohol-related behavior. "Certainly, at Duke and elsewhere, at least some greek organizations--[though] surely not all--have a well-founded reputation for encouraging excessive drinking, either as a rite of passage, or as a proof of comradeship, or just because it has become the familiar thing to do," she said. "Working with greek leaders here and elsewhere, we need to change that."

Interfraternity Council president Ken Collins '99 acknowledged to The Chronicle that the greek system does help contribute to hazardous environments for undergraduates. Pledges in particular "are looking to members who may not be responsible to dictate what their behavior will be," he said. "You have people who may otherwise fall into the safe category of drinking, but [who] tell themselves that they're doing it just to get through the hoops of pledging." Jeanine Atkinson, a substance-abuse specialist at Duke, told The Chronicle that both greek and non-greek students use alcohol as a social enabler, trying to be "part of the popular set."

According to The Chronicle, Keohane told the board of trustees of Bath's death confidentially in December, and included it in a formal report to the board in February after the acknowledgment of the cause of death became public. Students and administrators alike plan to use the string of alcohol-related incidents to raise campus awareness. In an interview with The Chronicle, John Burness, senior vice president for public affairs and government relations, said discussing the issue openly was the first step in better prevention. "This has been an accident waiting to happen," he said of Bath's death. "The accident has now happened. Let's talk."


uke board of trustees vice chair Harold L. "Spike" Yoh Jr. B.S.M.E. '58 will become the new chair of the board, and Paula Phillips Burger '67, A.M. '74 and James Raphael Gavin III M.D. '75 have been elected to the board, all with terms beginning in July. Senior Justin Fairfax is the new Young Trustee.

A trustee since 1991, Yoh succeeds Randall L. Tobias, chairman emeritus of Eli Lilly and Company, who is retiring from the board. "Spike is the right person to lead this board," Tobias says. "He is an outstanding leader and has a great understanding of the challenges that the university faces, as well as the opportunities that exist."

Yoh says he sees those opportunities looming large. "The world is rapidly evolving. Breakthroughs in research, medicine, global communications, and other fields make this a very exciting time for higher education in general, and for Duke in particular."

Yoh, his wife, Mary Milus Yoh '59, their five children, and a daughter-in-law collectively hold nine degrees from Duke. Yoh has received several awards from the university, including the Charles A. Dukes Award for Outstanding Service (1996), the Blue Devil Award (1986), and the Engineering Distinguished Alumni Award (1983).

Burger, vice provost for academic affairs and international programs at Johns Hopkins University, is a former Duke administrator who served as dean of women at the Woman's College (1970-72), assistant dean of Trinity College (1972-74), vice provost for academic services (1986-92), and executive vice provost (1992-93). She was also an adjunct professor in the political science department from 1986 to 1993.

Burger, who received the Duke University Award for Merit in 1989, has served on the boards of directors of the Duke Alumni Association, The Women's Center, and the American Schools of Oriental Research. She has been a member of the Council on Women's Studies and on the executive committee of the Annual Fund.

Gavin is a senior scientific officer for the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Chevy Chase, Maryland. He is a past president of the American Diabetes Association, a national program director and trustee of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and an officer in the U.S. Public Health Service. A 1966 graduate of Livingstone College in Salisbury, North Carolina, he was inducted into the National Black College Alumni Hall of Fame in 1998. He was honored as internist of the year by the National Medical Association in 1997, and as outstanding clinician in the field of diabetes by the American Diabetes Association in 1990. In 1999, Duke's School of Medicine awarded him the Distinguished Alumni Award.

Fairfax, a public policy major from Washington, D.C., has served as a resident adviser and as president of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. He is a program coordinator for the Big Brother mentorship program, and president of the National Panhellenic Council, which governs minority greek organizations. He has worked as a congressional intern and as a researcher at Harvard Law School.


ransformations are taking place throughout Durham's Walltown community, as grassroots efforts begin to revitalize the neighborhood.

Walltown Neighborhood Ministries, an alliance of several local churches, has turned the former Knox Street Grocery into its headquarters, enabling the organization to provide support to residents and other community groups from a central location. The building, which will be leased to Walltown Neighborhood Ministries free of charge, was purchased last year by the Self-Help Credit Union, and was renovated through a grant from Duke's Office of Community Affairs.

As the Knox Street Grocery, the building was once a neighborhood trouble spot. Now, however, The Reverend Robert Daniels, pastor of St. John's Missionary Baptist Church, sees the center as a "symbol of the transformation that we believe is already taking place in the Walltown neighborhood."

Other recent physical changes in the neighborhood include the renovation of the former Walltown Elementary School, which now houses both St. James Baptist Church and a new charter school; the renovation and sale of twenty-nine homes by Self-Help, with financing from a $2-million, Duke-established loan fund; four other homes ready for sale and plans to renovate and sell twenty more; and home-building by Habitat for Humanity.

The board of directors of Walltown Neighborhood Ministries works with the Duke Divinity School to oversee the three-year Walltown Families and Children Initiative, funded by a first-year grant from The Duke Endowment. The project includes neighborhood-based programs for children (after-school mentoring), young families (parent education and support), the elderly (transportation and health services), community identity (a history project in conjunction with Duke's Center for Documentary Studies), and the neighborhood's churches (community chaplaincy with seminarians from Duke Divinity School).

Walltown is one of twelve neighborhoods in the Duke-Durham Neighborhood Partnership Initiative, a collaborative effort that includes community and economic development, education initiatives, health care, and affordable housing. The initiative has recently received another grant from The Duke Endowment to staff the West End Teen Center.

For information, visit the Office of Community Affairs website at www.duke.edu/web/ pubaff/community/.


ess than three years after starting a search for genes that confer a risk of developing autism, Duke geneticist Margaret Pericak-Vance and her colleagues have found evidence of two defects that might be linked to the complex combination of behaviors called autistic spectrum disorder.

Such behaviors include failure to make eye contact, social withdrawal, lack of language, and such repetitive behaviors as rocking or head banging. Doctors believe the disorder begins during development of the brain, potentially before birth, and that those affected are prevented from accurate processing of sensory information from their environment.

Pericak-Vance, director of Duke's Center for Human Genetics and lead investigator of the autism genetic studies at Duke, worked with her team to locate defects in tiny sections of chromosomes 15 and 7. Their work has also yielded evidence of a genetic mechanism that hides the effect of some genes. "You could say we have it narrowed down to a line-up of good suspects, but we still can't finger the culprit until we get direct evidence," according to Pericak-Vance. "In this case, that most likely will be more than one gene. It will probably include variations of many genes that, in combination, interact to result in autistic behavior. Those details will come with continued research of our suspect genes."

Autism is a complex disease, affecting between two and ten of every 10,000 people --making it the third most common develop- mental disability. It is hoped that genetic studies will facilitate simpler identification of the disease. The research was supported by Duke's Center for Human Genetics, the National Alliance of Autism Research, and the National Institutes of Health.

For information on autism, visit the National Alliance of Autism Research website at www.naar.org.


Remembrance: Jan Van Kessel's creation of the birds and fishes, circa 1650, given in honor of Marilyn M. Segal by her children
Duke University Museum of Art
ourteen Old Master paintings valued at approximately $2.5 million, including The Feast of Herod from the studio of seventeenth-century Flemish painter Peter Paul Rubens, have been given to the Duke University Museum of Art. The paintings had been on loan to the museum since 1994.

The gift was made in honor of Marilyn Mailman Segal, a developmental psychologist and dean emeritus of the Family and School Center at Nova Southeastern University, by her son, Richard, and her daughters Betty, Patti, Debbie, and Wendy. The works came from the family's Seavest Collection, and include Italian, Flemish, German, and Dutch paintings from the late fourteenth to early eighteenth century.

"We feel very fortunate that these splendid works of art will be at the museum permanently, and are honored that the Segal children chose to recognize their mother in such a meaningful and inspirational manner," says DUMA director Michael Mezzatesta. "Thanks to the Segal family, the museum has a solid core of outstanding paintings that cover more than four centuries of European art and history."

Also, photo-realist painter Don Eddy is the subject of a retrospective showing at the museum through May 21. "Don Eddy: From Logic to Mystery," featuring thirty-five paintings from 1970 to the present, was organized by DUMA.

Scholars often describe Eddy as one of the leading American photo-realists. Among the museums displaying his work are the Guggenheim Museum in New York City, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Cleveland Museum of Art, Belgium's Utrecht Museum, and Colombia's Museo de Arts Moderno.

After its DUMA run, the exhibition will travel to the Boca Raton Museum of Art in Florida and the New Orleans Contemporary Art Center. For information, visit the DUMA website at www.duke.edu/web/duma/.


homas A. Langford B.D. '54, Ph.D. '58, a former dean of the Divinity School and former provost of the university, died of heart failure at his Durham home on February 13. He was seventy.

As an administrator, Langford served Duke during an important period of change. He guided the Divinity School through a time of growth, and as provost helped the university respond to a series of tight budgets caused by declining government support, escalating costs, and an increasing need for financial aid.

Langford was provost when Nannerl O. Keohane was sworn in as president. Keohane called Langford a "most amazing mentor, adviser, and guide. I relied enormously on his judgment, what we should focus on as we set our priorities. I was very fortunate that he was in the provost's office when I got to Duke."

Langford joined Duke's faculty in 1956, teaching in the department of religion and in the Divinity School. He served as chair of the religion department, and from 1971 to 1981 was dean of the Divinity School. In 1984, he became vice provost for academic affairs; he was appointed interim provost in 1990 and then provost in 1991. Langford stepped down as provost in 1994 to return to the classroom, retiring from the Divinity School in 1997. In 1998, he delivered the eulogy for former Duke president Terry Sanford. He was also the recipient of the University Medal of Distinguished Meritorious Service.

Langford is survived by his wife, Ann Marie Daniel Langford, and four sons.


Movement, clockwise: the leaping doug varone and dancers, top (Photo:Lois Greenfield) , Pilobolus in a clustered clutch (Photo: Chris Callis), and the airborne trisha brown dance company (Photo: Michael O'neill)
orty-two performances will highlight the American Dance Festival's sixty-seventh season, including sixteen works specifically commissioned for the festival, during its June 8-July 22 run.

The 2000 season, Landmarks & Landscapers, marks the beginning of a two-year celebration of the groundbreaking choreographers of modern dance. Among those presenting ADF-commissioned works are the Mark Morris Dance Group; North Carolina native Mark Dendy, performing the world premiere of his dance drama Bible Stories; Twyla Tharp Dance, with jazz percussionist and composer Donald Knaack; and Jane Comfort & Company, performing the dance/opera Asphalt in their ADF debut.

Among the commissioned works are the winners of the Doris Duke Millennium Awards for Modern Dance and Jazz Music Collaborations, sponsored with the Kennedy Center, and the annual Doris Duke Awards for New Work. Other performances will come from the Martha Graham Dance Company, which opens the season; Pilobolus Dance Theatre, winners of the 2000 Scripps/ADF Award; and the Paul Taylor Dance Company, closing the series.

Education plays a major role in the ADF season. There will be both a Six-Week School for trained dancers aged sixteen and older, and a Four-Week School for Young Dancers for students between the ages of twelve and sixteen. There will also be three professional workshops, internships, and scholarships available. Special lectures and discussions will take place during the season, both independent of the works and accompanying each performance.

For information about the 2000 American Dance Festival, call (919) 684-6402, or visit the website at www.AmericanDanceFestival. org.


he closest emergency room, rather than a primary-care practice, might be the best place for patients experiencing possible stroke symptoms, according to a Duke Medical Center study.

Thirty-two percent of patients visiting their primary-care physician with initial complaints characteristic of strokes or transient ischemic attacks (mini-strokes) were neither hospitalized nor prescribed specialized tests, though those doctors did call for specialist consultations in 45 percent of cases.

Duke neurologist Larry Goldstein presented the results of his team's study at the American Heart Association's twenty-fifth International Stroke Conference in February, saying his findings "showed that primary-care physicians often didn't take actions that could potentially prevent a much larger stroke in the future."

The early and often apparently minor symptoms of stroke or mini-stroke are strong predictors of more severe events, Goldstein says. Early detection enables physicians to use treatments to lower the risk of a major stroke, whether with medication or surgery. "Based on the current results, we need to stress the need for urgent evaluation of patients presenting to their primary-care physician with symptoms of cerebrovascular disease," he says. "Clearly, there needs to be more education about the diagnostic and treatment options available for people at risk for stroke."

Goldstein says the study did not look at the reasons for the primary-care physicians' decisions, but all patients included in the research were diagnosed by the primary-care physician as having a stroke or mini-stroke. Until recently, there were very few treatment options for patients suffering a major stroke. With new medications, though, physicians can treat and even reverse stroke damage if action is taken within three hours of the onset of symptoms.

The common symptoms of stroke include sudden onset of slurred speech, difficulty walking, weakness on one side of the body, blindness in one eye, or double vision. Each year, more than 700,000 Americans suffer a stroke; of those, more than 150,000 will die, making stroke the third leading cause of death and a leading cause of adult disability.


he Duke Endowment has awarded Duke $8 million in gifts for financial aid and scholarships. The gifts include $4 million for the B.N. Duke Scholarship program, $2.5 million in permanent endowment for the Angier B. Duke Scholarship program, $1 million in a challenge grant for need-based scholarships, and $500,000 for financial aid for graduate and professional students.

Ten B.N. Duke scholarships are given each year to entering students from North and South Carolina. Formerly, a B.N. Duke covered 75 percent of tuition costs; this gift fully funds the B.N. Duke program and allows scholarships to cover the entire cost of four years of tuition.

For information on Duke tuition and scholarships, visit www.duke.edu/web/ug-admissions/ finaid.htm. For information on The Duke Endowment, visit www.dukeendowment.org.


IV patients who take fewer pills tend to fare better than patients with more complex medication requirements, a Duke study has indicated. Based on an analysis of more than 3,000 patients in triple-drug combination trials, researchers speculate that patients with fewer pills are more likely to adhere to their medication regimen and thus receive the greatest benefits of therapy.

The simplest of regimens called for patients to take as few as four pills each day, while more complicated regimens involved taking as many as sixteen pills at different times during the day, some with food and some on an empty stomach.

"The results of the current study would seem to emphasize the importance of developing drug regimes that are simple, potent, and easy for patients to take," says John Bartlett, director of clinical research at Duke's Center for AIDS Research. Bartlett says that while the study was not specifically designed to link improved patient adherence to the drug protocol with better treatment outcomes, it affirmed clinical experience and showed a "strong and statistically significant correlation between the number of pills and the success of the regimen."


Eugene J. McDonald, president of Duke Management Co. (DUMAC) and Duke's chief investment officer, will step down from the post he has held for ten years. McDonald, who is also the university's executive vice president for asset management, will leave June 30 for a sabbatical leave, followed by retirement. He joined the university in 1977 as vice president for government relations and university counsel, becoming executive vice president for finance and administration in 1985. In 1990, he was tapped to lead the newly created DUMAC to manage university investments.

Lewis Siegel has been reappointed as vice provost and dean of the Graduate School for his third five-year term. He will also continue as interim vice provost for research until a new vice provost for research is selected. He came to Duke in 1966 as a National Institutes of Health postdoctoral fellow in biochemistry and joined the faculty two years later. He became a full professor in 1983, and his first appointment as dean of the graduate school came in 1991.

Kevin Schulman, associate professor of medicine at Duke's medical school, has been named faculty director of Health Sector Management at the Fuqua School of Business. He will hold joint appointments at both schools, will continue to hold appointments in the Center for Clinical Health Policy and the Durham Veterans Administration Health Services Research Unit, and will continue to serve as director of the Center for Clinical and Genetic Economics. A graduate of the New York University's medical school, he completed his M.B.A. at the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School of Business.

Robert Korstad, assistant professor of public policy studies and history, and director of the Hart Leadership Program at the Sanford Institute of Public Policy, will be faculty director of the B.N. Duke Scholars Program. The faculty director works with the undergraduate admissions office to select scholarship recipients and to develop programs on and off campus that allow students to develop leadership capabilities.

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